what is edith stein the patron saint of
As a student at the University of Göttingen, she became acquainted with Edmund Husserl and became interested in his philosophy, phenomenology, which sought to describe phenomena as consciously experienced, without employing theories about their causal explanation. There she wrote her important treatise Studie über Joannes a Cruce: Kreuzeswissenschaft (1950; The Science of the Cross), a phenomenological study of St. John of the Cross. In 1998, Pope John Paul II made one of his most contentious canonizations, elevating a German woman named Edith Stein to the status of saint. The condemnation of Nazi anti-Semitism by the Dutch bishops of occupied Holland (July 26, 1942) provoked Adolf Hitler to order the arrest of all non-Aryan Roman Catholics. Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Saint Edith Stein) (1891-1942), was a German Catholic philosopher and nun. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1934 she entered the Carmelite convent at Cologne, taking the religious name Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, after the mystic who had inspired her conversion. St Edith Stein Tiny Charm – 14 Karat Gold Filled, St Edith Stein Medal – Sterling Silver with 18 in. When the Nazis entered Holland, she was taken prisoner and transported to the Auschwitz concentration camp. The Edith Stein Guild for aiding converts was founded (1955) in the United States, and the Archivum Carmelitanum Edith Stein was established at Leuven, Belgium, for the study and publication of her works. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Harry Houdini was a well-known neurosurgeon. Updates? Survivors of the death camp testified that she helped all other sufferers with great compassion. Her feast day is Aug. 9. She was gassed to death in 1942. Edith Stein, a woman of dialogue and hope To mark the feast day of St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, we recall the words Pope St. John Paul II spoke about the Patron of Europe, also known as Edith Stein, at her canonization in 1998. Edith Stein was now known as Sister Teresia Benedicta a Cruce - Teresa, Benedicta of the Cross. Born into an observant Jewish family, she became an atheist by her teenage years, but converted to Christianity in 1922. Chain – Engravable (#81164), St Edith Stein Medal – Sterling Silver – Large, Engravable, St Edith Stein Medal – 14 Karat Gold Filled – Medium, Engravable, Your email address will not be published. In 1938, with the Nazi threat growing, she was transferred to the Carmelite convent at Echt in the Netherlands, where it was thought she would be safe from persecution. There she completed her metaphysical work Endliches und ewiges Sein (“Finite and Eternal Being”), an attempt to synthesize the diverse philosophies of Aquinas and Husserl. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Edith-Stein, Catholic Education Resource Center - Biography of Edith Stein, Eternal Word Television Network - Biography of Edith Stein. She was declared a saint by the Roman Catholic Church in 1998. She was born on Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of Atonement, in 1891 in Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland), the youngest of eleven children in a devout Jewish family. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Copyright © 2017-2020 Dicasterium pro Communicatione - All rights reserved. She was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1998. Whoever truly loves... accepts communion in suffering with the beloved.". In 1942 she was arrested and sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where she died in the gas chamber. Edith Stein, ; canonized October 11, 1998; feast day August 9), Roman Catholic convert from Judaism, Carmelite nun, philosopher, and spiritual writer who was executed by the Nazis because of her Jewish ancestry and who is regarded as a modern martyr. Removal from Germany, however, proved insufficient to ensure her safety. Your personal data will be used to support your experience throughout this website, to manage access to your account, and for other purposes described in our privacy policy. Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein)Virgin and Martyr Edith Stein, born in 1891 in Breslau, Poland, was the youngest child of a large Jewish family. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Get a 10% Off coupon today and notice of discounts and other releases as they happen. Oct 10, 2018. So, is the Avengers’ Infinity Gauntlet Really the Incorrupt Hand of St. Teresa of Avila. Share. Also at Göttingen, she first came into contact with Roman Catholicism. For her the Cross of Christ was her guide and felt that those who understood the Cross of Christ should take it upon themselves on everybody's behalf. While at Speyer she translated St. Thomas Aquinas’ De veritate (“On Truth”) and familiarized herself with Roman Catholic philosophy in general. Edith Stein joined the Cologne Carmel, but was smuggled to the Echt, Holland Carmel as the Nazis took over Germany in 1938. Edith Stein (12 Oct 1891 – 9 Aug 1942), was a German Jewish philosopher who converted to Catholicism and became a Discalced Carmelite nun after reading the works of the reformer of the Carmelite Order, St. Teresa of Avila. She was baptized on January 1, 1922, and gave up her assistantship with Husserl to teach (1922–32) at a Dominican girls’ school in Speyer. She studied Catholicism in Cologne and converted on Jan. 1, 1922 at St. Martin’s Church. Olivia M. Espín explains h ow this Jewish woman became a Catholic saint.. Born in Breslau, Germany in 1891 (the city is now part of Poland), Stein was a boundary breaker long before she was a saint. She received the religious habit of the Order as a novice in April 1934. By Carolyn Beard. She pursued her vocation and was admitted to the Discalced Carmelite monastery in Cologne on 14 October 1934. Later known as St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, she graduated at age 25 from Gottingen University, Germany with a philosophy doctorate degree in 1916. … Required fields are marked *. Comments Off on Edith Stein: A saint for our times St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein) was born in Breslau, Germany, in 1891, the youngest of 11 children. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Later known as St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, she graduated at age 25 from Gottingen University, Germany with a philosophy doctorate degree in 1916. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Edith Stein is one of those people whose entire life seems to be a sign. He canonized her on Oct. 11, 1998. She was an outstanding student and was well versed in philosophy with a particular interest in phenomenology. Though her parents were devout Jews, Stein lost her faith in God during her teens. Edith Stein: Patron Saint of Political Resistance. With her sister Rosa, also a convert, Teresa Benedicta was seized by the Gestapo and shipped to the concentration camp at Auschwitz. Attracted to Roman Catholicism, Stein returned on a vacation in 1921 to Breslau, where her profound encounter with the autobiography of the mystic St. Teresa of Ávila caused her swift conversion. The youngest of seven children in a Jewish family, St. Edith Stein broke with Judaism at age 13. Edith of Wilton was the daughter of King Edgar of England and Wulfrida. On 7 August, early in the morning, 987 Jews were deported to Auschwitz. Chain – Engravable (#81163), St Edith Stein Medal – Sterling Silver with 20 in. She was born at Kensing, England, and was brought as a very young child to Wilton Abbey by her mother, who later became a nun there and Abbess. Synagogues were burnt, and the Jewish people were subjected to terror. She was known as a spiritual author. She was declared a saint … St Sebastian Medal - 14 Karat Gold Filled - Large, Engravable, Angel Football Medal Large - Sterling Silver, St Roch Medal - 14 Karat Gold Filled - Medium, Engravable, St Jude Medal - Sterling Silver - Large, Engravable, St Michael the Archangel Medal - Sterling Silver - Medium, Engravable, Blessed Emilie Tavernier Gamelin Rosaries, A Surprising Patron Saint for Artillerymen. On May 1, 1987, she was beatified by Pope John Paul II. She was sent to the gas chamber, where she died with her sister. When Husserl moved to the University of Freiburg, he asked Stein to join him there as his assistant; she received her doctorate in philosophy (1916), became a member of the faculty, and established a reputation as one of the university’s leading philosophers. Born into an Orthodox Jewish family, Stein renounced her faith in 1904 and became an atheist. St. Edith Stein The youngest of seven children in a Jewish family, St. Edith Stein broke with Judaism at age 13. In 1932 she became a lecturer at the Institute for Pedagogy at Münster but, because of anti-Semitic legislation passed by the Nazi government, was forced to resign the post the following year. Pope John Paul II beatified Edith Stein in 1987 at a moving ceremony at Cologne cathedral where she was celebrated as a light snuffed out by evil. On 9 November 1938 the anti-Semitism of the Nazis became apparent to the whole world. Your email address will not be published. She was baptized on 1 January 1922 into the Roman Catholic Church and wished to become a Discalced Carmelite but was dissuaded by her spiritual mentors. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! She was canonized on October 11, 1998. Corrections? Other philosophical and spiritual works followed. To mark the feast day of St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, we recall the words Pope St. John Paul II spoke about the Patron of Europe, also known as Edith Stein, at her canonization in 1998. Edith Stein, original name of Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross or, in Latin, Sancta Teresia Benedicta a Cruce, (born October 12, 1891, Breslau, Germany [now Wrocław, Poland]—died August 9/10, 1942, Auschwitz concentration camp; canonized October 11, 1998; feast day August 9), Roman Catholic convert from Judaism, Carmelite nun, philosopher, and spiritual writer who was executed by the Nazis because of her Jewish ancestry and who is regarded as a modern martyr.

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