oil spills essay
If you fit this description, you can use our free essay samples to generate ideas, get inspired and figure out a title or outline for your paper. This essay has been submitted by a student. Oil is extremely toxic to marine life and the harmful effects occur as soon as the oil hits the water. It is considered an oil spill when it is caused by human activity and affects waterways and underwater ecosystems. We’ve got you covered. The Exxon Valdez spill was only the 35th largest in world history; the sheer size of the spill was less important than the nature of the oil and the damage it caused. Companies tend to use cleaning […], British Petroleum (BP) PLC, is a British, multinational oil and gas company that is based in London, England. Need A Unique Essay on "Oil Spills"? Are you interested in getting a customized paper? MORE ABOUT OUR PRIVACY AND COOKIE POLICY, SEE USER AGREEMENT. This level was reached in 1981, but investments raised its balance to $250 million. WE DO NOT ENDORSE, ENCOURAGE OF APPROVE OF ANY When they are at the surface they can become oiled, or in the worst case scenario, smothered. We will occasionally send you account related emails. Some birds and animals will ingest the oil when they try to clean themselves, which may poison them. It is filled with beauty of all kinds such as the greens and water. To reduce the impact on wildlife, responders may set off loud noises to scare animals away so they are not exposed to the oil. However, the law also provided that if the spill occurred intentionally or if the ship owner knew it could happen, the limits could be surpassed. According to the National Ocean Service, oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the water repellency of a bird’s feathers, thus exposing these creatures to the harsh elements. Our editors will help you fix any mistakes and get an A+! In World War II, many tankers were sunk along the East and Gulf coasts by German submarines, spilling their loads of crude oil and refined products on beaches. Want us to write one just for you? PLEASE NOTE THAT YOU MUST REFERENCE THE MODEL PAPERS OFFERED AS PART OF OUR SERVICES. The causes of oil spills are many. The creation of the spill cleanup fund in the OPA was also a major accomplishment. Argumentative Essay: The BP Oil Spill The causes of oil spills are many. You don’t really hear about them when they happen, because some people don’t think they’re a big deal. Show More. For example, car pollution, deforestation, global warming, hunting, water pollution, but most of all, oil […], Oil spill not only has physical, mental and social effects on living beings but also has environmental and economic effects. This causes smoke to pollute the air, and the ashes that were created were carried overland for hundreds of miles, killing animals and one or two humans. This spill was small by historic standards-less than 20 percent the size of the Exxon Valdez spill-but the spill came just as the modern environmental movement was finding its voice, and it was used by environmental groups as evidence that oil spills could do substantial damage. Nearly all the accidents involving oil spills are a result of tankers, barge, pipelines, refineries, drilling rigs and storage facilities. we can write an original essay just for you. […], On March 24, 1989, an oil tanker called Exxon Valdez struck the Bligh Coral Reef in Alaska. For example, when the Argo Merchant spilled seven million gallons of fuel oil (which is thicker than crude oil) in the waters near Nantucket in 1976, the damage was minor because currents took the oil out to sea. Bush signed the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) into law on August 18, 1990. For years Congress was unable to agree on a comprehensive solution to the problem of oil spills, in large part because of disagreement between the House and Senate over whether federal liability laws should “preempt” state laws. The next major oil spill to occur in the United States was the Argo Merchant spill off Nantucket. The OPA provides for vastly tougher penalties and liability for spillers of oil, allocates more resources for dealing with spills, and places more responsibility on the executive branch to respond to oil spill incidents promptly. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. The extensive oil spill created a lot of pollution and far-reaching effects on the tourism industry. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, Oil Spills – Major Form of Pollution [Internet]. However, without the ocean the Earth would not have the air we breathe. It has ruined the shoreline, killed animal and sea life, threaten the ecosystem and harmed the tourism and fishing in Louisiana. Methods for containing oil include booms, which are floating barriers that keep oil from moving across the water; skimmers, which are boats with equipment designed to skim the oil out of the water; and chemical dispersants and detergents that break up the oil into smaller parts that will then disperse in the water column. Crudas Disasrous”is an oil tanker which has run aground and is leaking at a rate of 15 tonnes of oil per day. Following the spill, numerous legal issue came about due to the fact that there was no legal precedent on how to deal with such man-made disaster involving two different nations and different oil companies. Comparison of oil and gas pollutants showed inverse temperature change profiles, with the oil sample heating more rapidly and cooling more slowly than seawater, while the plastic sample heated […], Causes of water pollution vary but the effects are always the same; the pollution is harmful to the ecosystem and humans as well as being devastating. Oil spills are caused by human error, natural disasters, and equipment breaking. Since water pollution has been an issue for more than 100 years- it is much harder for us to fix this problem. Initially, crude oil was flowing into the Gulf of Mexico at a rate of 30,000 barrels per day; however, Petroleous Mexicanos (Pemex) was able to slow the rate of discharge to between 10,000 and 20,000 barrels per day (U.S. House of Representatives, 96th Congress, September 8-9, 1979, p. 2). The oil slick left 11,000 miles of water and 1,300 miles […], I. Oil spills do not constitute the majority of oil pollution in the oceans. Other liability regimes were created by the Deepwater Port Act of 1974 and by the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act Amendments. Not to mention all the people who would be affected by this. Would you still go to the park if the rivers, lakes, and oceans would turn the color of oil and pollution? In addition, the transfer of oil to eggs and young may result in reduced survival. Introduction There are different types of pollution in the […], The Earth is a phenomenal place. I knew about it, but was not aware of the enormity of the crisis and how critical dealing with it was. Use Promo "custom20" And Get 20% Off! Hopefully, in the future, we can prevent oil spills and the destructive consequences that affect marine ecosystems. Safety regulations were enacted in the Tanker Safety Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-474), which addressed technical aspects of tanker equipment and personnel and was inspired by the Argo Merchant spill. It is our responsibility to keep the Earth clean. It is also to increase the safety checks on them as well. Section 311 also required that a national oil spill contingency plan be established with a fund to cover costs incurred by the federal government in cleaning up oil spills. It's time for you to nail your grades! An explosion, Exxon Valdez Oil Spill EssayEmpire.com offers reliable custom essay writing services that can help you to receive high grades and impress your professors with the quality of each essay or research paper you hand in. Amendments in 1978 raised only ship owners’ liability to $150 per gross ton for ships and $125 per ton for barges. Oil Spills and How They Affect The Environment Oil spills, no matter how small or large, effect the worlds environment by their destroying and poisoning any habitat they come in contact with, mainly the water though. Throughout the decade, there have been a numerous amount of oil spills that, in all, equals to millions upon millions of gallons of oil in the ocean. The inadequacies of the Limitation of Liability Act led to the enactment of what is popularly known as the Clean Water Act of 1972. hull, and 10.9 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the ocean. The damage done by oil spills is a function of at least three things: the nature of the oil spilled; the proximity of the spill to the shore where most marine life lives; and the nature of the weather, current, and tides. Around fifteen thousand sea birds were killed along with many sea organisms and all of the fish within a seventy-five mile radius (Oil Spills and Disasters, 2000-2009). You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you. Oils spills are defined as the release1 of any type of oil that contaminates numerous environments including, land, air and water but primarily affect the ocean.      Going about twelve miles per hour, the doubt of a oil spill was highly unlikely. Essay On Oil Spills 1413 Words | 6 Pages. Home — Essay Samples — Environment — Oil Spill — Oil Spills – Major Form of Pollution. That’s why the issue of ocean pollution is important and needs to be addressed as soon as possible. After the spilling happened, US government, Oil spills can happen anywhere and anytime. "In 1997, the 22 oil spills reported worldwide involved a total of 15 million gallons (57 million liters) of oil" ("Water Pollution"). However, it must be noted that the local economy is often destroyed as well. Unfortunately, because the earth is so pretty, people think it is invencible and don’t recognize the way they hurt it. Those simple things […], The Ocean is one of the major reasons why humans survive in this world. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. The oil has already contaminated the shores of many US beaches, and it’d only be a matter of time until our oceans would be too polluted to swim in. As stated by the IPIECA and IOGP, planktonic organisms such as zooplankton and jellyfish are relatively sensitive to toxic effects from oil exposure, particularly small oil droplets and water soluble fractions. Oil Cartels Essay, An Analysis of the Issues in the BP Gulf Oil Spill and Arctic Ocean Drilling Essay, Strategies From Climate Change Control Essay, A Strong Argument Against Deforestation Essay, A Study of Plastic Pollution in the Pacific Ocean Essay. Phillip Staton The wellhead at the ocean floor is emptying oil contents at an incredibly high rate, causing the sea to be flooded with the harmful, unnatural substance. Would you still take your kids to see the fish and other living species if they were no longer living and floating belly up? The first major oil spill to gain similar attention in the United States was the 1969 Santa Barbara, California, oil spill, in which 200,000 gallons of oil spilled from an offshore well, killing wildlife, and leading to a famous picture of President Nixon walking along the oily beach. The ways to prevent them are to increase the training and education that humans have on this oil rigs. A final feature of the OPA was its requirement that oil companies phase in the use of double-hull tankers in U.S. waters.

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