apollo and hecate
Hecate or Hekate (/ ˈ h ɛ k ə t iː, ˈ h ɛ k ɪ t /; Greek Ἑκάτη, Hekátē) is a goddess in Ancient Greek religion and mythology, most often shown holding two torches or a key and in later periods depicted in triple form.She was variously associated with crossroads, entrance-ways, dogs, light, magic, witchcraft, knowledge of herbs and poisonous plants, ghosts, necromancy, and sorcery. No, Hecate was not in love with Apollo. Both are unfortunately very brief such as Hecate having some connection with Iphigeneia, and is also the mother of Skylla by Porkys (a minor Sea God. Hecate is a third-generation Titaness born to Perses and Asteria, daughter of Koios and the Oracle Phoebe. It is interesting, that the name of the Queen of the Underworld, Persephone, can be taken to be a longer, perhaps even a more ceremonious form of Perse, Perseis, Perses, Perseus and Persaios–all names of Hecate and her associates–and are probably used from pre-Greek times as a name of the Queen of the Underworld. Most all drawings and pictures of Hecate depict her with two torches where other Goddess have only one torch. In fact, the earliest depictions of Hecate can only be differentiated from those of Artemis by inscriptions. Nevertheless, she helped Medea in Colchis, as did both Hera and Aphrodite; and the reason why the witch succeeded in helping Jason against her own father and brother is that she was supported by these three goddesses, and particularly by Hecate. In later times, Hecate was pictured as a woman with three heads, or three entirely different forms for the morning, noon, and night.". Furthermore, Hecate is considered to be the triple-faced goddess, having three separate appearances and personalities. © 2020 Four Corner Ministries (4CM). Trade, colonization, and migration resulted in a great deal of cultural exchange between the two regions. Hecate has been associated many times with Artemis and Apollo, as She is their cousin. Many speculate that the myth of Persephone journeying to the Underworld happened before the myth of the abduction by Hades but instead, Persephone journeyed to the land of the Underworld for teachings from Hecate or even that She then became Hecate. If Hecate is the unnamed Goddess referred to in the "ode", this timing might therefore reflect a very old lunar aspect of Her. If a significant link existed between the two at the time, based on their being Moon-Goddess and Sun-God, it plays no important role in the Hymn, yet their well known association with Medeia makes it unlikely that their pairing is coincidental. She is the attendant of Persephone. Olympians Titan Army (formerly) Personal use needs no permission. Most ancient drawings, whether they are on plates, bowls, jars, etc., one never sees an elderly lady portrayed. However, Hecate’s appearances are very brief and sudden. What is interesting in nearly all of these stories is that they feature individual women performing rituals for their own purposes. She was a goddess that could be both a protective guardian and a source of menace. Destiny Wyrd Urd: 3 Maidens of Norse Mythology, Idun: How An Apple a Day Kept the Aging Away, Aegir and Ran: The Light and Day of the Sea, Greeks likewise borrowed many deities and legends. Hecate promised to obscure the progress of the Seven but said that Hazel needed to learn to manipulate the Mist. There are several references in literature that show an association between Hekate and Helios. Seeing her friend in pain, Galinthias tricked the Moirai into thinking the child had been born despite their interference. Most of all, Hecate was a goddess of mystery. In The Demigod Diaries, Hecate had green eyes and black hair that barely came down to her shoulders, like her son Alabaster. Plus a few passages of Sophokles evokes a very clear picture of Hecate that Her torches seem to pair her specifically with Helios, the Sun God. In the second half of the fifth century, there is in Greek literature a side of Hecate that is both frightening and new. Similarly, the outcome of war and victory in games may depend on her, who grants glory to whom she pleases. [24] Lagina, where the famous temple of Hecate drew great festal assemblies every year, lay close to the originally Macedonian colony of Stratonikeia, where she was the city’s patroness. She is the Goddess of childbirth, not as a feminine ritual but as the result of male-female connection as it relates to the preservation and integrity of the blood line and inheritance. Alias It is mentioned that Hecate uses her magic to help Morpheus cast a huge sleeping spell over New York City, causing all of the mortals in Manhattan or near the area to fall asleep. Aristophanes speaks of Hecate’s torches showing the way at night: ("and you, oh daughter of Zeus, holding up two flaming torches...show the way...so that I may search for the thief"). Hecate is considered a Goddess of Women. The triple goddesses are often referred to as the Maiden, Mother (or Matron), and Crone. Many depictions, such as those of the Moirae, show the three goddesses corresponding to the three stages of a woman’s life. What is more, they do not merely form accidental groups of three–usually a group of three sisters–but actually are real trinities, sometimes almost forming a single Threefold Goddess. The most famous witch in Greek mythology received her knowledge of magic from Hecate. Hecate, however, is routinely described as the goddess of witchcraft and associated with characters like Medea and Circe, the witch of Homer’s Odyssey. The hekataion depicted Hecate as three women encircling a central column. Hecate and Helios are the only witnesses to Kore’s (Persephone) kidnapping, and they inform Demeter what has happened...first by Hecate and then by Helios. Select a WP Edit Snidget below to add it to your post or page. Homer’s Hymn to Demeter, the earliest account of the abduction of Persephone by Hades, dates to the late seventh or early sixth century. The Carians were devoted to Hecate, and she was the primary deity worshipped in the town of Lagina. ; Cic.ND.3.46; Dio.4.45.2-3; Eur.Hipp.144; Hes.GE.13; Hes.The.411, 415ff. Earlier, though, there may have been fewer gods with more complex functions. Bitter will I make their marriage, bitter Creon's marriage-alliance, and bitter my banishment from the land!" The beginnings of Hecate’s worship are shrouded in mystery. The Moirai, or Fates, were one such trio of goddesses. On becoming the ruler of the universe, Zeus did not deprive Hecate of the privileges—concerning earth, heaven and sea—that were her share when the TITANS ruled the world before him, but she keeps them just as the division was in the beginning. For Medea, who was a priestess of Hecate, used witchcraft, apparently under the guidance of the goddess, in order to handle magic herbs and poisons with skill, and to be able to stay the course of rivers, or check the paths of the stars and the moon. As worshippers began to focus on one aspect of a god more than others, that god’s secondary purposes were separated into another deity altogether. which She bears when leading in Olympos. She immediately pieced together what had happened and met with Demeter, sharing her belief that Persephone had been abducted by a powerful god, which made Demeter even more distraught. House sweepings and offerings were made to Hecate at crossroads at the Dark Moon after a 30-day mourning period. The conflicting origins of Hecate were only the beginning of what made this goddess so mysterious. Apollo was heart-broken at the loss of Daphne and to remember her for ever, he made the laurel the symbol of tribute to poets. Some authors felt to describe how and with what purposes Hecate was evoked by women would take people more  into the field of Witchcraft, and their main purpose of their research was  confined to Hecate’s origins as close as possible to Mythology and not Witchcraft and women's ways.  She had names such as "the strong, Threefold One, or the Distant One or Remote One. The Morrigan – Another Irish deity, the goddess of war and fate was sometimes referred to in the singular and sometimes named as The Three Morrigans. Eventually, this came to include the boundary between the natural and the supernatural, making her a goddess of magic. The lunar month was divided into three parts, and our moon had three aspects: as the waxing, the full and waning sign of a divine presence in the sky. . Homeric Hymn to Demeter 55). Empusa (Chthonic Vampiric Deity) demi goddess, Cicon aka-Kikon (son of Apollo) (son of Apollo), Amphithemis aka-Garamas (child of Apollo), Charon (Chthonic Deity) ferryman of Hades. Note that Pythia, the priestess in the oracle of Delphi, was chewing leaves of laurel to communicate with Apollo and give her prophesies to people. Because of Hecate’s association with crossroads, she is called Hecate Enodia (in the road.). Her dark, sleeveless gown seemed to ripple as if the cloth was ink spilling off and wore sandals. Your email address will not be published. Her attributes are twin torches, key, rope, dagger, and three crossroads. Now the four-year Olympic cycle was actually measured as one half of a "great year" of 100 months (i.e., 100 lunar cycles) and the final ceremonies were held at Full Moon. The two are paired in later literature through Medeia. She appears in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and in Hesiod‘s Theogony, where she is promoted strongly as a great goddess. Behind the scenes Her parentage was given differently by various writers. Please like and share this article if you found it useful. And when men arm themselves for the battle that destroys men, then the goddess is at hand to give victory and grant glory readily to whom she will. In the Pre-Olympian Deities, in tales concerning the beginning of things, three great Goddesses play the part of Mother of the World: the Sea-Goddess Tethys, the Goddess Night ( whom Zeus stood in sacred awe of) and Mother Earth. Hecate is associated with all three. In summary, Hecate is a Goddess for the people and most particularly women and not the entire community and was most likely honored in private ceremonies on Her own. As these stories were passed on, though, they often changed. Hecate is a Titaness, daughter of Perses and Asteria. They constitute a trinity. Hecate is a Goddess of entrances which generally serve one or more of three functions: to establish a boundary and to protect what is inside from the outer world, to help travellers setting out from or returning to the entranceway and to watch over the actual transition that the entrance entails. Hecate has been associated many times with Artemis and Apollo, as She is their cousin. But Hecate herself existed in the “in between” spaces, as well. Black (Son of Magic) Blonde (The House of Hades) When her city fell, the queen was taken captive and lept off a cliff to her death. By Hellenistic times, the bearing of a key often symbolized the ability to open and close the gates between Earth and other realms such as that of the Underworld.    Persephone was also shown with a key. This was a terrible fate. Female It is believed that Hecate represented witchcraft, magic and ghosts.


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